Start Carbon dating the dead sea scrolls

Carbon dating the dead sea scrolls

Mar Samuel recognized that the scrolls were written in Hebrew and suspected they may be very ancient and valuable. Eleven caves were discovered containing nearly 1,100 ancient documents which included several scrolls and more than 100,000 fragments.

Lowering himself into the cave, he discovered several sealed jars. To his disappointment, he found them to contain leather scrolls.

He collected seven of the best scrolls and left the other fragments scattered on the ground.

Worship at the sacred Jerusalem Temple had become corrupt, with seemingly little hope for reform.

A group of devoted Jews removed themselves from the mainstream and began a monastic life in the Judean desert.

This community, which began in the third century B.

C., devoted their days to the study and copying of sacred Scripture as well as theological and sectarian works.

As tensions between the Jews and Romans increased, the community hid their valuable scrolls in caves along the Dead Sea to protect them from the invading armies. 70, the Roman general Titus invaded Israel and destroyed the city of Jerusalem along with its treasured Temple.